Dried Chilli – The Hot Pepper
Dried Chilli is the same chilli pepper dried for future use. It is the fruit of plants from family genus Capsicum, members of nightshade family Solanaceae, originated in the Central and South America. It have been cultivated here for more than seven thousand years, first as a decorative item, then as edible stuff and later as medicine. Christopher Columbus came across them during his explorations and fetched them to Europe as a substitute to the pricey black pepper imported from Asia.
It was introduced to Africa and Asia by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during 16th century and since then, it is integrated in their cuisines and medicines.
Today, India is the world’s largest producer, consumer and exporter of dried chillies.
It’s a Spicy Dish
Dried Chillies grounded into powders for culinary uses. They constitute in many cuisines around the globe. The Arrabbiata Sauce and Puttanesca sauces that tomato based includes dried hot chillies.
A braised chicken dish from Hungary is rich with dried chillies. Curry dishes also contain dried chillies. To add spice to the Kung Pao Chicken from the Sichuan region of China is fried in the oil that has fried dried chillies. Mole Poblano a Mexican dish also uses several varieties of dried chillies to produce thick and dark sauce.
Nam Phrik, a traditional Thai Chilli paste and sauces are prepared with dried chillies. Paprykarz Szczecinski is a Polish fine paste using dried chilli powder. Sambal Belacan, a traditional Malay Sauce is prepared by frying a mixture including dried chillies. Som Tam , a green papaya salad of Thai & Lao cuisine traditionally has dried chilli as a key ingredient.
Dried Chillies are used to make hot sauce, liquid ketchup bottled for commercial purposes to add spice to other dishes.
Dried Chilli is effective for arthritis pain, herpes zoster-related pain, diabetic neuropathy, mastectomy pain, headaches and skin cancer.
Dried Chilli contains large amounts of Vitamin C, small amounts of carotene or Pro Vitamin A and they are good source of Vitamin B, especially Vitamin B6. They are rich in potassium, magnesium and iron.